Monday, 4 February 2013

Add New MySQL User

Add New MySQL User

For adding a new user to MySQL you just need to add a new entry to user table in database mysql. Below is an example of adding new user phpcake with SELECT, INSERT and UPDATE privileges with the password mypass the SQL query is :

mysql> use mysql;
Database changed
mysql> INSERT INTO user (host, user, password, select_priv, insert_priv, update_priv) VALUES ('localhost', 'phpcake', PASSWORD('mypass'), 'Y', 'Y', 'Y');
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.20 sec)

Query OK, 1 row affected (0.01 sec)

mysql> SELECT host, user, password FROM user WHERE user = 'phpcake';
| host      | user    | password         |
| localhost | phpcake | 6f8c114b58f2ce9e |
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

When adding a new user remember to encrypt the new password using PASSWORD() function provided by MySQL. As you can see in the above example the password mypass is encrypted to 6f8c114b58f2ce9e.

Notice the the FLUSH PRIVILEGES statement. This tells the server to reload the grant tables. If you don't use it then you won't be able to connect to mysql using the new user account (at least until the server is reloaded).

You can also specify other privileges to a new user by setting the values of these columns in user table to 'Y' when executing the INSERT query :
  • Select_priv
  • Insert_priv
  • Update_priv
  • Delete_priv
  • Create_priv
  • Drop_priv
  • Reload_priv
  • Shutdown_priv
  • Process_priv
  • File_priv
  • Grant_priv
  • References_priv
  • Index_priv
  • Alter_priv
I think you can guess what those privileges serve by reading it's name.

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